Personal Protection Orders
The Advocacy Office, located on the 4th floor of the Michael E Kobza Hall of Justice, assists victims of domestic violence and victims of stalking in obtaining personal protection orders, assists the petitioning party with processing extensions, violations and assists restrained parties with the processing of making objections.
The Personal Protection Orders (PPO) Office, located on the 3rd floor of the Michael E Kobza Hall of Justice, will assist in making the filing process go as smoothly as possible. Please remember that you have initiated your own lawsuit, you are representing yourself in this action. The PPO staff are not attorneys, investigators, enforcers or process servers.
Criteria for PPO
The petitioner and respondent:
- Are husband and wife and an action for annulment, divorce, or support (is/not) pending
- Were husband and wife
- Reside or resided in the same household
- Have a child in common
- Have or had an intimate dating relationship
- Have some other family relationship
- Are in a stalking situation as defined by:
"Stalking" means a willful course of conduct involving repeated or continuing harassment of another individual that would cause a reasonable person to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or molested, and that actually causes the victim to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, threatened, harassed or molested
Personal Protection Orders are not for civil matters such as custody and neighbor disputes.
Petitioner must be at least 18 years old unless accompanied by someone of that age or older who will consent to be petitioner's NEXT FRIEND, preferably a parent.
The PPO Office, on the 3rd floor of the Michael E Kobza Hall of Justice, has PPO forms and provides direction for completing and filing those forms, and offers information on local sources that deal with domestic violence. The initial paperwork (the instruction sheet, petition and affidavit) can be downloaded from the State of Michigan Courts website.
Parties filing need to present valid picture ID (includes other State driver's license, passport or school identification)
A signed personal protection order must be served upon the respondent and a proof of that service, affidavit of service, needs to be filed in the case.
PPO Expiration Date
Your PPO is only in effect up to the expiration date. IF you need to extend your order, you must go to the PPO office approximately three weeks before the expiration date, or call (to request the paperwork to renew. Permanent (5 year) PPOs are available for long-term situations, and require a hearing.
Enforcement of Order
If a violation occurs, call the police. A police report is needed to pursue a violation of the respondent through the courts. The petitioner will need to adhere to the PPO conditions as well as the respondent. Please note that only the Judge may change the conditions of or dismiss the PPO.
Change of Address
Keep the PPO office, located on the 3rd floor of the Michael E Kobza Hall of Justice, updated on any address or phone number changes for the duration of the order.
The processing of the PPO generally takes 24 to 48 hours. In most cases, the petitioner may expect to return the next business day to pick up the signed order. If the order is not signed, the petitioner will be informed of the reasons for denial.
- Muskegon County Prosecutor PPO page