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60th District Court Traffic Division

What is a citation/ticket? gr_traffic.gif (3783 bytes)

Your options after you receive a citation/ticket

The Driver Responsibility Fee (DRF)

Traffic Fees

How to make payments

Informal and formal hearings

 

What is a citation/ticket?

A citation or ticket is a legal notice to a person charged with a violation of law, especially a minor violation. The cited person is the defendant. 

A citation can be a civil infraction or a misdemeanor depending on the seriousness of the traffic violation.

All defendants who receive a citation must respond to the allegations in the citation.

Note:  the following policies apply only to the 60th District Court If your citation is from a court other than the 60th District, you must contact the court listed on your citation for processing instructions.

 

The defendant has these options when a civil infraction is issued:

  1. *Admit responsibility without explanation for the civil infraction and make an appearance in person, by representation, or by mail.
  2. *Admit responsibility with explanation for the civil infraction and make an appearance by mail.
  3. *Deny responsibility for the civil infraction and request an informal or formal hearing in person, by mail, or by phone.
  4. If a defendant fails to respond to a traffic civil infraction citation, or fails to appear for a scheduled hearing, the court may enter a default judgment of responsibility and impose appropriate sanctions.

 

The Driver Responsibility Fee (DRF) law has also been amended by Public Act 283 of 2014 allows one to preform community service in place of paying certain Driver Responsibility fees:

Beginning Jan. 1, 2015, one can complete 10 hours of community service for each qualifying violation. The Community Service program will end on December 31, 2015.Any community service application forms submitted after December 31, 2015 will not be counted.

Community service can be accepted instead of payment for the following qualifying violations:

  1. No Proof of Insurance
  2. No Insurance
  3. Drove without Proper License/Endorsement/Vehicle  Group Designator
  4. Drove While License Expired
  5. Drove While Unlicensed or License Not Valid

Note: This program DOES NOT include "Driving While License Suspended/Revoked/Denied" OR "No Insurance Under the Insurance Code."

If eligible, one will be mailed one written notification to the address Treasury has on file. The notification letter will explain what offenses are on your driving record and which ones qualify for community service. Letters will be sent to qualifying individuals in a one-time mailing during December 2014.

A community service application will be included with your notification letter. Fill out the form completely and mail it to the address as directed on the form. Applications are also available on the Driver Responsibility website at www.michigan.gov/driverresponsibility.   Information about the program may also be found at Secretary of State Branch Offices and Treasury Field Offices.

Community service should not be started until receipt of a verification letter from the Michigan Department of Treasury stating that the application has been received and approved. After application is received, the Department of Treasury will notify the Department of State of the intent on completing community service.

One will be given 45 days to complete your 10 hours of community service. If one has more than one qualifying offense on the driving record, you may decide to do your 10 hours of community service in blocks of 45 days each or group them all into one 45-day period.

Upon completion of the community service the person who supervised your volunteer efforts must sign your community service form, verifying that you completed the required hours and work. Once the form is signed, it must be sent back to the Department of Treasury at the address provided on the form.

If the DRF has been previously paid community service will not be approved.

Reinstatement fees are not included in the Community Service program.

 

Driver Responsibility Fee Changes

Driver Responsibility Fee Changes from Public Law 250 of 2014

Category 1 fee (Points)

A driver responsibility fee shall be assessed for an individual who accumulates seven or more points on his or her driving record.


Beginning on the following dates new Category 1assessments shall be reduced as follows:

October 1, 2015

Assessments shall be reduced to 75% of the original amount. (e.g. A fee previously assessed at $100 would now be $75)

 

October 1, 2016

Assessments shall be reduced to 50% of the original amount prior to October 1, 2015. (e.g. A fee previously assessed at $100 would now be $50)

 

October 1, 2018

Assessments shall be reduced to 25% of the original amount prior to October 1, 2015. (e.g. A fee previously assessed at $100 would now be $25)

October 1, 2019

There will no longer be a Category 1driver responsibility fee assessed to individual who accumulates seven or more points.

Category 2 fees (Qualifying Offenses - $500 - $1000 for 2 years)
A driver responsibility fee shall be assessed for two consecutive years for any individual who receives a ticket for qualifying offenses, i.e. ODIL, OWi, DWLS, etc.


Beginning on the following dates Category 2 assessments with new incident dates shall be reduced as follows:

October 1, 2015

100% of the fee shall be assessed for the first year and 50% of the fee shall be assessed for the second year. (e.g. An assessment that is $500 for the first year would be $250 for the second year)

October 1, 2016

100% of the fee prior to October 1, 2015 shall be assessed for the first year and no fee shall be assessed for the second year. (e.g. An assessment that is $500 for the first year would be $0 for the second year)

October 1, 2018

50% of the fee prior to October 1, 2015 shall be assessed for the first year and no fee shall be assessed for the second year. (e.g. An assessment that was initially $500 would be $250 for the first and $0 for the

 

 

 

Traffic Fees

 

60th District Court
Traffic Fines and Costs Schedule
   FINE AMOUNT POINTS
Speeding on Interstate    
1-5 mph over the limit $135.00 0
6-10 mph over the limit $145.00 1
11-15 mph over the limit $155.00 2
16-25 mph over the limit $165.00 3
26 mph or more over the limit $175.00 4
Speeding General    
1-10 mph over limit  $125.00 2
11-15 mph over limit  $140.00 3
16-20 mph over limit  $175.00 4
Other Violations     
Careless Driving  $205.00 3
Child Restraint Violation (1-4 years of age) $105.00 0
Seatbelt Violation (Driver/Passenger) $65.00 0
Construction/School Zone  Contact Court
*Defective Equipment  $115.00 0
Disobey Traffic Signal $135.00 3
Disobey Stop Sign $135.00 3
Disobey Traffic Control Device $125.00 2
Drove Across Median  $135.00 2
Drove Left of Center  $135.00 2
Drove Wrong Way  $135.00 2
Fail to Change Address  $115.00 2
Fail to Stop for School Bus  $240.00 3
Fail to Stop from Private Drive $130.00  
Fail to Signal Turn  $125.00 2
Fail to Yield $135.00 2
Fail to Yield to Emergency Vehicle  $155.00 2
Follow too Close  $125.00 2
Graduated License Violation  $135.00 2
Impeding Traffic  $120.00 0
Improper Freeway Entry/Exit  $145.00 2
Improper Parking   $80.00 0
Improper Pass  $130.00 3
Improper Turn  $130.00 2
Improper Use of Lights  $120.00 2
Helmet Law Violation $120.00  
No Proof of Insurance   Contact Court  
Park in Handicap Zone (1st Offense) $190.00 0
Refuse Preliminary Breathanalyzer Test  $180.00 2
Registration Violations  $115.00 0
Violation Basic Speed Law  $125.00 2
 
*Fines & Costs are waived if repairs are made and reported to the Court within 14 days.
 
$25 fee assessed if violation results in accident
Add $25 default fee after 14 days
Add 20% late fee after 56 days
 
FINES / COSTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
PROPER ATTIRE IS REQUIRED FOR APPEARANCE IN COURT.

No tank tops or muscle shirts allowed pursuant to Court Rules.

 

PLEASE NOTE:

Read both sides of the citation you were given.

Payment by mail must be by check or money order made payable to the 60th District Court. U.S. Funds Only. Your payment must be accompanied by your signed copy of the citation indicating that you Admit Responsibility. Both your signed citation and payment must be received by the Court Clerk within 14 days from the date the citation was issued. Payments received after the due date will be subject to an additional $25.00 default fee if the ticket has defaulted.

TO PAY BY CREDIT CARD CALL: 1-888-604-7888. Payment location code: 7225

OR VISIT: http://co.muskegon.mi.us/60thdistrict/payments_online.htm

(A fee for service will be added to the amount of fees due)

Defective Equipment: If the officer checked the box indicating "waivable" and you have an officer certify on your copy of the ticket that the violation has been corrected, and your copy of the ticket is brought to the Court on or before 14 days after issuance of the citation, the defective equipment violation will be processed as responsible and be waived without costs. Otherwise, fines and costs are $115 (not including any late fees that may ensue).

No Proof of Registration: If the officer checked the box indicating "waivable" and your copy of the ticket is brought to the Court within 14 days of violation with proof of valid registration on the offense date, the violation will be processed as responsible and fines/costs waived. Otherwise fines and costs are $115 (not including any late fees that may ensue).

No Proof of Insurance: If the vehicle had insurance at the time the ticket was issued and you can prove it, the ticket and proof of insurance must be brought to the Court on or before 14 days of the issuance of the ticket and the cost will be reduced to $25. If insurance was obtained after the time the ticket was issued, but within 14 days of the issuance of the ticket and both are brought to the Court, the cost is reduced to $130. If no action is taken to obtain and/or show proof of insurance to the traffic division of the court, the cost is $155 (not including any late charge that may ensue).

Failure to respond to the citation in the prescribed manner will result in $25 default fee being assessed; possible suspension of your driver's license with a $45 reinstatement fee; a 20% late fee being assessed if the fine is 56 days overdue; possible issuance of a warrant for your arrest and garnishment of your State Income Tax Refund or other assets by the State Treasury.

 

 

 

Admission of responsibility without explanation

If a defendant wishes to admit responsibility without explanation for a civil infraction, he or she must make an appearance by mail, in person or by representation. Admissions of responsibility are not accepted by telephone.

To avoid late charges all admissions of responsibility must be received within 14 days from the date you received your citation (your citation may read within 6-12 days—the 60th District Court allows you 14 days).

 

Methods of payment:

Cash payments are accepted in person only at the 60th District Court Records office, 990 Terrace. Cash, credit/debit cards, checks and money orders are accepted at the Records office windoww. Do no send cash payments through the mail.

Money Order payments should be made payable to the 60th District Court. Please do not staple or tape your money order to the citation.

Credit Cards may be used only for on-line or telephone payments. A minimal service fee will be assessed. For on-line payments visit: http://co.muskegon.mi.us/60thdistrict/payments_online.htm. To pay by telephone, call 1-888-604-7888. If paying by telephone please use pay location code: 7225. You will need your case or ticket number.

Personal Checks payments should be made payable to the 60th District Court. Please do not staple or tape your check to the citation. Personal checks do not need to be certified. NSF fee of $25.00 plus possible prosecution may result from a returned check.

Drop Box located outside the Michael E Kobza Hall of Justice, 990 Terrace Street. Please use and completely fill out the envelopes provided at the drop box.

 

You may pay in the following ways:

  • IN PERSON - A defendant may appear in court to admit responsibility anytime during the course of a normal business day. Court hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. Bring your copy of the citation with you. The clerk will ask you to sign the back of your ticket admitting responsibility and issue a receipt for your payment. (For your convenience there is also a 24 hour drop box located outside of the 60th District Court).

  • MAIL - Appearance by mail is made when the defendant returns the citation to the court within 14 days with a signed admission of responsibility (see back of ticket), along with full payment of applicable fines and costs. Personal checks and money order payments will be accepted by mail.  Mail payment to the court listed on your citation.  If payment is not enclosed, the court will enter the judgment and assess the appropriate fines and costs. Your payment must be received within 14 days. The timeliness of a mail appearance is determined by the postmark date of the defendant’s letter. 

Warning:  Failure to make a timely appearance will result in entry of a default judgment against the defendant. Noncompliance with the judgment will result in eventual suspension of the defendant’s license as well as other possible sanctions. Failure to answer a citation or a notice to appear in court for a traffic violation can also result in license suspension.

 

Admission of responsibility with explanation

A defendant’s admission of responsibility with explanation consists of the following:

  • An admission of responsibility for the offense charged; and
  • An explanation of the circumstances surrounding the offense.
A defendant’s appearance to make admission with explanation may take place in one of the following ways:
  • IN PERSON - Defendants who wish to make an admission with explanation in person should contact the court in person, by telephone or mail to schedule an appearance or obtain dates and times of magistrate's availability.  (Defendants may appear on a "walk-in" basis by the appearance date specified, but should call the court first to determine if a magistrate will be available).
  • BY MAIL -Appearance by mail is made when the defendant returns the citation to the court with A SIGNED ADMISSION OF RESPONSIBILITY (see back of citation). Mail the signed citation along with your letter of explanation to the court within 14 days from the date on your citation. If payment of applicable fines and costs are not enclosed, the court will notify you by mail of the amount due and the payment deadline. The timeliness of a mail appearance is determined by the postmark date of the defendant’s letter.

If the court finds the defendant responsible with explanation,  it may only reduce the civil fines and costs in light of the extenuating circumstances. The court can not reduce the number of points assessed by the Secretary of State.

The defendant’s appearance (by mail or in person) must occur within the time specified. Failure to make a timely appearance will result in entry of a default judgment against the defendant. Noncompliance with the judgment may result in eventual suspension of the defendant’s license, as well as other possible sanctions.

 

Defendant denies responsibility

To deny responsibility is to contest the case. The defendant must appear to offer a defense at an Informal or Formal hearing. Denials of responsibility/requests for hearings must be received from 6-14 days within the date your citation was issued. Request for Informal or Formal Hearings may be made by mail, in person, by phone, or faxed to (231) 724-3489.

 

Informal and formal hearings

There are two types of hearings for contested civil infraction cases:

gr60_marbledot.gif (860 bytes)Civil Infraction Informal Hearing

The majority of contested cases are heard and decided at informal hearings.

A hearing conducted by a District Court Magistrate involving the police officer, the defendant and any witnesses, held without a prosecutor or defense attorney. The determination may be appealed to a formal hearing.

gr60_marbledot.gif (860 bytes)Civil Infraction Formal Hearing

A hearing conducted by a District Court Judge involving the police officer, defendant and all witnesses. Defendant may be represented by an attorney, and a prosecutor must be present.

 

How do I request a hearing?

To request an INFORMAL or FORMAL hearing notify the court in person,  in writing, or by phone,  that you are denying responsibility for your citation and specify if you wish to have an INFORMAL or FORMAL hearing. Please notify the court of any dates and time that you will not be available to appear for your hearing. (The court will try to accommodate reasonable requests). Also, inform the court of the address you wish to have your notice of hearing sent to if it is different from the address on your citation. A phone number where you can be reached during business hours 8:30 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. is recommended in case of any questions or further information.

Requests for INFORMAL or FORMAL hearings must be received within 14 days from the date the ticket was issued. Failure to make a timely request for a hearing will result in entry of a DEFAULT JUDGMENT against the defendant.

 

What happens if I don't show up for a hearing?

If a defendant fails to appear at an informal or formal hearing the court may enter a default, determination of responsibility, and impose appropriate sanctions. It may also result in license suspension for unpaid fines, costs or fees.

 

 

 

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Muskegon County, Michigan
990 Terrace Street
Muskegon, MI  49442
Phone (231) 724-6294
Fax (231) 724-3489

Hours of Operation:
8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Monday - Friday (Closed Holidays)